14th Century


Late Medieval-Early Renaissance- Italy

On to 15th Century Art of Northern Europe

On to 15th Century Italian Art

Prologue to the Course (First Day): You were shown an episode from "60 Minutes": 'Yes, But Is It Art? : (See what Morley Safer has been up to lately)

Next, we will look at the landmark work of Thomas Kinkade.

By the way, who's David Zack?
Monday class: You were asked to write a 2 page paper on your considerations of modern art, referring as you wish to the films we saw.

Chapter 14

Begin Required Reading Please look over Chapter 14, focusing on the works of art listed below.

The Late Medieval Styles in Italy

Nicola Pisano. Pulpit of Pisa Cathedral Baptistery, Pisa, Italy 1259-1260. White and colored marbles, app. 15' tall. (Gardner, 14-2)

For a Roman relief of a related style, take a look at: a section of the Ara Pacis Augustae, a 1st century B.C./B.C.E. altar structure dedicated to the Emperor Augustus in Rome. 1

The Morgan Madonna. 1150-1200. French; previously seen in Art History 131. The Madonna/Virgin Mary as the Seat of Wisdom, the Sedes Sapentiae. A forerunner of the many "Madonna and Child" compositions from the 14th century.

Greco-Italian Artist?, Madonna and Child on a Curved Throne. Tempera on wood with gold leaf. 13th century. (National Gallery of Art, Washington) Tempera on panel, 32 1/8 x 19 3/8 in. (Not in text; just enjoy as an example related to early Italian painting)
(Only for the obsessive: J. Folda's recent article on this painting)

Cimabue. Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets. Tempera on wood. 1280-1290 (14-6)

Giotto. Madonna Enthroned with Angels. Tempera on wood. Circa 1310 (14-7) By the way, he's just "Giotto."

How to Make a Fresco In case you are bored in the dorm. English a bit fractured, but photos excellent.

Giotto, Interior of the Arena Chapel, Padua, 1305-1306. (14-8)

Giotto, Lamentation over the Dead Christ. Fresco (wall painting), Arena Chapel, Padua, ca. 1305. (14-9)

Consider also how fresco painting differs from panel painting.

Sienese Art

[The Cathedral of Siena] 14th century. Three views here.]

Duccio. The Betrayal of Jesus. Detail from the reverse of the Maesta' altarpiece, formerly in the Cathedral of Siena. Tempera on wood. 1309-1311.

FYI: Lectures on Sienese Art From the University of Leeds; esp. interesting for us is Prof. Matthew Treherne on "Duccio and the Flowering of Sienese Art." Discusses the Maesta' in some detail.

Simone Martini. The Annunciation. 1333. Tempera and gold leaf on wood. Uffizi Gallery, Florence.

The Palazzo Pubblico. 1288-1309.

Pietro Lorenzetti. The Birth of the Virgin. Tempera on wood, 1342.

Ambrogio Lorenzetti. The Peaceful City from The Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country. Sala della Pace, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, frescoes, 1338-1339.

Ambrogio Lorenzetti. The Peaceful Country from The Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country. Sala della Pace, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, frescoes, 1338-1339.
Details of the frescoes

The Late Medieval Art of Florence

Arnolfo di Cambio and others. Florence Cathedral. Begun 1296.

Interior of Florence Cathedral showing the nave. Check out the panorama

Orcagna. Tabernacle of Or San Michele, Florence. Begun 1349.

Art in Pisa

[Camposanto Pisa, with the Leaning Tower]

Traini or Buffalmacco. The Triumph of Death partially-destroyed fresco from the Camposanto at Pisa.


Chapter 15

Piety, Passion, and Politics
15th-Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain


Stephan Lochner.The Virgin of the Rose Garden, circa 1430.

Among the subjects we will be interested in here are the rise of naturalism, early portraiture, the development of oil painting, and printmaking. For the date on the Quiz, please use "15th-Century Northern Art."

The Limbourg Brothers (Pol, Hennequin, and Herman) January and October from Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Barry.
Manuscript illumination with gold and lapus lazuli, 1413-1416. (France) (15-1, 2)
All of the Calendar pages

Hubert and Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (closed). Completed 1432. Cathedral of St. Bavo, Ghent. (15-5)

Note the use of the grisaille painting technique on the exterior, where you also see the donor figures. In form, this is a polyptych.

Hubert and Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (open). Completed 1432. Cathedral of St. Bavo, Ghent. (15-6)

Rogier van der Weyden. Deposition. Louvain, Belgium, circa 1435 (15-7)

Hugo van der Goes. Portinari Altarpiece. circa 1476. Brought from Flanders and installed in a church in Florence, Italy: important for evidence of the interest in Northern art in Italy and for its influence on Italian artists. (15-10) (SKIP THIS TIME)

Master of Flemalle (Robert Campin?), Merode Altarpiece, showing The Annunciation, ca. 1425-1428. (15-12) Note: the link is to the site at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where the triptych now lives

Jan van Eyck. Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, 1434. (15-13)

Jan van Eyck. Man in a Red Turban. 1433 (15-16)
For this and the following portrait, consider pose, glance, expression, handling of color and form, and use of light.

Rogier van der Weyden. Portrait of a Lady, circa 1460 (15-17)

Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, circa 1505-10 (15-18)

French and German Art

Jean Fouquet. Melun Diptych. circa 1450. (15-19)

Stephan Lochner. Madonna of the Rose Garden. circa 1430. The "Madonna of Humility." (15-20)


Veit Stoss. The Death and Assumption of the Virgin. Carved wooden altarpiece, painted and gilded. Altar of the Virgin Mary, church of St. Mary, Krakow, Poland, 1477-1489. (SKIP THIS TIME)

The Development of the Print

A medieval woodcut. Compare this (and the related one in the book) with the engraving below.

Martin Schongauer, St. Anthony Tormented by Demons, engraving, ca. 1480-1490. (15-25)

On to 15th-Century Italian Art

On to the 16th Century

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