19th Century

Nineteenth-Century Romanticism and Realism

George Gordon, Lord Byron (See right). The epitome of the Romantic hero, a type that exists to this day. Byron died in Missolongi, Greece, in 1824, at the age of 36. He had gone there to help fight for Greek independence from the Ottoman Turks.

Ingres the Lord of Art in France


Francisco Goya (1746-1828)

Those French Painters who Fled the Influence of Ingres :
Thédore Géricault (1791-1824) and Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)


	On the Lure of the (Near) East:
	The Wilder Shores of Love 
	by Lesley Blanch; and
	Orientalism by Edward Said.
	Two very different studies of the 19th-century phenomenon of

The Romantic Landscape in Germany, England and the U.S.A.

Caspar David Friedrich, The Sea of Ice. 1824. Look at this...
Cloister Graveyard in the Snow, Germany, 1810 (28-49) [Skip this time]

John Constable, The Haywain, England, 1821. (20-53)

J. M. W. Turner, Slave Ship, England, 1840 (28-50)

Thomas Cole, The Oxbow,, U.S.A., 1836. (20-55)

	For more on Neoclassicism and Romanticism:
	The Romantic Rebellion by Kenneth Clark (book)


The New Architecture


The Earliest Years of Photography

Chapter 21:
The Rise of Modernism
Art of the Later 19th Century

The Development of Modernism

A Pause to Consider Dreadful Academic Painting

Realism Outside France


The New Light

The New Paris

Some sources for the New Paris:

  1. National Gallery photo exhibit looks at 'Paris in Transition'
  2. Haussmann and New Paris
  3. Haussmann's Paris Contemporary drawings and photographs

The New Subject



Henri Rousseau and Edvard Munch

Sculpture and Decorative Arts

On to the 20th Century

Back to the 18th Century

Back to the Monuments Page