Chapter 17
Beauty, Science, and Spirit in Italian Art

High Renaissance and Mannerism


Leonardo da Vinci, Virgin of the Rocks, circa 1485. Now in the Louvre, Paris. (17-1)

Leonardo, Cartoon for: Virgin and Child with St. Anne and the Infant St. John). (17-2)

By the way, the word "cartoon" comes from the Italian "cartone" meaning "big piece of paper".

Leonardo, Virgin of the Rocks, circa 1491-1519.

This is the second version, made with the help of assistants, and now in the National Gallery of Art, London

Leonardo, Last Supper, located in the refectory of the church of Sta Maria delle Grazie, Milan, c. 1495-98 (17-3)

Leonardo, Mona Lisa, c. 1503-05 (17-4)

Leonardo da Vinci, Embryo in the Womb, 1510. (17-5)

Julius II's Projects in 16th-century Rome

Bramante, Plan for the new Saint Peter's, Rome (now Vatican City) (17-6)

Caradosso, Medal showing Bramante's design for the new Saint Peter's, 1506 (17-7)

Bramante, Tempietto (San Pietro in Montorio), Rome, 1502. (17-8)

Raphael, the Perfect Courtier

Know that Raphael died in 1520--the traditional ending date for the High Renaissance in Rome and Florence.

Raphael, Marriage of the Virgin, 1504 (17-18)

Raphael, Madonna of the Meadows, 1505 (17-19)

Raphael, School of Athens (Philosophy), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome, 1509-11 (17-17)

Raphael, Galatea, fresco in the loggia of the Villa Farnesina, Rome, c. 1513 (17-20)

Raphael, Baldassare Castiglione, c. 1514 (17-21)



Michelangelo, Vatican Pieta, St. Peter's, Vatican City, 1500. (Ok, it's not in the book but I'm going to show it to you anyway.)

Michelangelo, David, 1501-04. (17-9)

These two sculptures were intended for the tomb of Julius II

Michelangelo, Moses, 1513-1515 (17-10

Michelangelo, Bound Slave, 1513-16 (17-11)

Michelangelo's painting for the Sistine Chapel (just the ceiling)

Michelangelo, ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, 1508-1512. (17-12, 13, 15, 16)

Michelangelo in the Service of the Medici

Michelangelo, The Last Judgment, 1534-1541. Fresco, Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, (17-25)

Michelangelo, aerial view of Capitoline Hill and the Capitoline Museum, Rome, designed ca. 1537 (17-26)

Michelangelo, Plan and views of Michelangelo's work at St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, 1546-1564 (17-27, 28, 29, and 30)


Sixteenth-Century Art in Venice and the North

Early Sixteenth-Century Venetian Art

Giovanni Bellini, The San Zaccaria Altarpiece, church of San Zaccaria, Venice, 1514. (17-31)

Giovanni Bellini, Feast of the Gods, 1514 (17-32)

Giorgione, Tempest, c. 1510 (17-34)

Giorgione, and/or Titian Pastoral Symphony, c. 1508 (17-33)

Titian, The Assumption of the Virgin, ca. 1516-1518 (17-35)

Titian, Pesaro Madonna, located in the Church of the Frari, 1519-26 (17-36) [Skip this time]

Titian, Bacchus and Ariadne, 1522-1523 (17-37)

Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538

If you look at this link, please IGNORE the authors' comments about the identity of Venus (17-38).

Two Architects in Venice

Jacopo Sansovino, The Mint (1535-1545) and the State Library (begun 1536), both part of the Piazza Ducale complex, Venice. (17-55)

Andrea Palladio, Villa Rotonda, near Vicenza (which is near Venice), 1566-1570. (17-56, 57)

Andrea Palladio, San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, 1565.(17-58, 59)

Later 16th-Century Venetian Art

Veronese, Christ in the House of Levi, (originally known as The Last Supper), 1573. (17-53)
Paolo Veronese Before the Inquisition in Venice

Veronese, Triumph of Venice, located in the Palazzo Ducale, Venice, 1588. (17-54)

Tintoretto, The Last Supper, 1594 (17-52)



Pontormo, Descent from the Cross, 1525-28 (17-42)

Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, c. 1535 (17-43)

Bronzino, Venus, Cupid, Folly, Time (Exposure of Luxury) c. 1546 (17-44)

Bronzino, Portrait of a Young Man, ca. 1530s He lives at the Met!(17-45)

Giovanni da Bologna, Abduction of the Sabine Woman, located in the Loggia dei Lanzi, Florence, 1583 (17-48)


Sofonisba Anguissola, Portrait of the Artist's Sisters and Brother, ca. 1555. (This is not really an example of Mannerism, but we will generously bow to the classification of the text.) (17-45)
Oye vey, it's missing, so look at her Chess Game (1555) instead!



Chapter 18
The Age of Reformation


16th-Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain

Begin with an introductory exhibition on 16th-century Northern European Art: Lucas Cranach's Adam and Eve, German, 1526. Courtauld Institute of Art Gallery, London Explore at your leisure.

Matthias Grünewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, oil on panel, ca. 1510-1515 (18-2, 3)

Albrecht Dürer, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, ca. 1498. Woodcut (Intro-8)

Dürer, Great Piece of Turf, watercolor, 1503 (18-7)

Dürer, Knight, Death, and the Devil, engraving, 1513 (18-8)

Dürer, The Four Apostles, oil on panel, 1526 (18-5)

Albrecht Altdorfer, The Battle of Issus, oil on panel. 1529. (18-9)

Hans Holbein the Younger, The French Ambassadors, 1533 (18-10) Remember the anamorphism (a "memento mori", or symbol of the brevity of life)

Pieter Brueghel the Elder, Hunters in the Snow, Netherlands, 1565 (18-22)

El Greco, The Burial of Count Orgaz, Toledo, Spain, 1586 (18-26)

Left out of this edition, but you might want to take a look:

Holbein, Christina of Denmark, 1538

Onward to the 17th Century

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