Survey of Western Art History 132
Renaissance to Contemporary
List of Monuments
Eduoard Manet. Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe. 1863.
Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22
Attached to this page, below, are the lists of the works of art covered in this class. Please note that this is not necessarily the order in which they will be or were discussed in the lecture. Very likely a few will be dropped and a few may be added, especially if the class shows a particular enthusiasm for a particular subject (Palladian villas, anyone?). I will let you know in class and the Web site will be updated. At any rate, the art listed here is also illustrated in your textbook, Gardner's Art Through the Ages, 12th edition, 2006. Numbers refer to the illustrations in Gardner.
The listings give:
place You will need to know the place--the location--of those works of art that are immovable, such as buildings (St. Peter's Basilica, Rome), frescoes (Masaccio's Holy Trinity in the church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence) or are just too big to pick up and carry away (the the Arc de Triomphe, Paris)
date You will need to give a date when you write about art. For this course, you will use what are called "Period Dates": conventional divisions, listed below, as your date. The actual date is supplied in class and on the slide lists, basically for your background information.
Piety, Passion, and Politics
15th-Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain
Stephan Lochner.The Virgin of the Rose Garden, circa 1430.
Among the subjects we will be interested in here are the rise of naturalism, early portraiture, the development of oil painting, and printmaking. For the date on the exam, please use "15th-Century Northern Art."
The Limbourg Brothers (Pol, Hennequin, and Herman) January and October from Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Barry.
Manuscript illumination with gold and lapus lazuli, 1413-1416. (France) (15-1, 2)
All of the Calendar pages
Hubert and Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (closed). Completed 1432. Cathedral of St. Bavo, Ghent. (15-5)
Note the use of the grisaille painting technique on the exterior, where you also see the donor figures. In form, this is a polyptych.
Hubert and Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (open). Completed 1432. Cathedral of St. Bavo, Ghent. (15-6)
Rogier van der Weyden. Deposition. Louvain, Belgium, circa 1435 (15-7)
Hugo van der Goes. Portinari Altarpiece. circa 1476. Brought from Flanders and installed in a church in Florence, Italy: important for evidence of the interest in Northern art in Italy and for its influence on Italian artists. (15-10)
Master of Flemalle (Robert Campin?), Merode Altarpiece, showing The Annunciation, ca. 1425-1428. (15-12) Note: the link is to the site at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where the triptych now lives
Jan van Eyck. Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, 1434. (15-13)
Jan van Eyck. Man in a Red Turban. 1433 (15-16)
For this and other portraits, consider pose, glance, expression, handling of color and form, and use of light.
Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, circa 1505-10 (15-18)
Stephan Lochner. Madonna of the Rose Garden. circa 1430. The "Madonna of Humility." (15-20)
The Development of the Print
Martin Schongauer, St. Anthony Tormented by Demons, metal engraving, ca. 1480-1490.
Consider the development from the early woodcut type of print (Linked to a hand-colored, 15th-century German example)(15-25)
Some 20th-century woodcut prints, in the style called Expressionism
Humanism and the Lure of Antiquity
15th Century Italian Art
Florence Culture: Some Links
- Photos from Florence
- Villa Spelman, Florence
- Driving in Florence
- The influence of the past on present-day Florence
The Rise of Naturalism: Sculpture
Please read Chapter 16.
The Baptistery of Florence. Built in the eleventh century. Here is the first set of doors by Andrea Pisano, from 1330. Gilded bronze relief.
Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of Isaac (competition panel for the Baptistery doors), 1401-02. Gilded bronze relief. (16-1)
Lorenzo Ghiberti, Sacrifice of Isaac (competition panel for the Baptistry doors), 1401-02. Gilded bronze relief. (16-2) The panels here, like those of the first set and the competition panels, are in a quatrefoil shape frame.
Lorenzo Ghiberti, East doors of the baptistery of Florence, called The Gates of Paradise. 1425-1452. Gilded bronze relief.
Photographs of the Gates(16-4). Notice the use of perspective in these scenes.
Lorenzo Ghiberti, Isaac and His Sons, detail of above. Gilded bronze relief. (16-5) The finest level of relief here is called relievo schiacciato.
Donatello, Feast of Herod, from the baptismal font of Siena Cathedral, Siena, circa 1425. Gilded bronze relief. (16-3)
Sculptural Projecs at Or San Michele and the Campanile (belltower) of the Duomo in Florence
Nanni di Banco, Four Crowned Saints, Orsanmichele, Florence, ca. 1408-1414. (16-6) Note the predella, the strip of images below the main scene (here, the Four Crowned Saints) that relate to the scene in some way.
Donatello, St. Mark, Orsanmichele, Florence ca. 1411-13 (16-7)
Donatello, Zuccone , (Habakkuk), formerly Florence Duomo facade, 1423/1425. Marble, about 6' 5" tall. "if you don't eat your spinach..." (16-8)
Modern Commemorative Monuments
Auguste Rodin, The Burghers of Calais, bronze, 1884-1889. Many castings. (21-50) Date: 19t-century French
Robert Arneson. California Artist. Glazed stoneware, 1982. (23-82)
Arneson and his bust of SF Mayor George Moscone Date: 20th-century U.S.
Maya Lin. Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Washington, D.C., 1981/1983. Black granite, each wing 246 feet long. (23-16) 20th-century U.S.
Frederick Hart. Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Washington, D.C., 1984. Bronze, life-size. 20th-century U.S.
Painting, Perspective, and Patronage
Gentile da Fabriano. Adoration of the Magi. Tempera on wood. 1423.
Masaccio, Tribute Money,fresco from the Brancacci Chapel, church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, c.1427
Virtual tour of the Brancacci Chapel (16-10) Consider one-point or linear perspective
Masaccio, Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden, from the Brancacci Chapel church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, fresco, c.1425 (16-11)
Masaccio, Holy Trinity,fresco, church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence, c.1428 (16-12)Remember that you need to know the locations of frescos, buildings, and other permanently installed works of art.
Early 15th-Century Architecture
Filippo Brunelleschi, Dome of the Cathedral (Duomo), Florence, 1420-36 (16-13, 14)
View from the Duomo Now you don't have to climb it!
Filippo Brunelleschi, church of Santo Spirito, Florence, begun ca. 1436; and the plans. (16-15, 16) Be able to refer to the nave, the nave arcade, side aisles, the crossing, and pietra serena
Michelozzo di Bartolommeo, Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence, 1444; and the courtyard.
Another site on the Medici Palace(16-20, 21) Note the use of rustication
Leon Battista Alberti, Palazzo Rucellai, Florence, ca. 1452-1470. (16-33)
Donatello, David, circa 1428-late 1450s. Bronze, 5' 2.5" tall. (16-23)
Andrea del Verrocchio, David, circa 1465-1470. Bronze. (16-24)
Antonio Pollaiuolo, Hercules and Antaeus, circa 1475. Bronze, ca. 18" tall with base. (16-25)
Donatello, Gattamelata (Erasmo da Narni). Piazza del Santo, Padua, ca. 1445-1450. Bronze. (16-29) [Skip this time]
Andrea del Verrocchio, Bartolommeo Colleoni. Campo (like a Piazza, only in Venice) dei Ss Giovanni e Paolo, Venice, ca. 1483-1488. Bronze. (16-30
At the right you see a lovely image of the Equestrian Monument of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, ca. AD 175, formerly in place on the Capitoline Hill in Rome (now it's in a museum in Rome). This was a model and inspiration for equestrian monuments from the Renaissance.
Paolo Uccello, Battle of San Romano, circa 1455 (16-22)
Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus, c. 1482 (16-27)
The Rise of Portraiture: the North and Italy
Please note that the locations listed here are included to indicate the origins of the paintings.
Jan van Eyck, Man in the Red Turban, (Bruges) 1433 (15-16)
Sandro Botticelli, Portrait of a Young Man, ca. 1489/1490. (Florence) (16-28)
Domenico Ghirlandaio, Young Woman (Giovanna Tornabuoni?), (Florence) 1488 (16-31)
The inscription: "Ars utinam mores animumque effigere posses pulchrior in terris nulla tabella foret. (Art, if only you could portray mores and spirit, there would be no more beautiful picture on earth)." See link here.
Images of Piety and Devotion
Fra Angelico, Annunciation. Convent of San Marco, Florence, circa 1440-1445. (16-36)
Andrea del Castagno, The Last Supper, the Refectory (dining room) in the monastery of Sant'Apollonia, Florence, 1447. Fresco. (16-37)
Fra Filippo Lippi, Madonna and Child with Angels, circa 1455. Tempera on wood. (16-38)
Luca della Robbia, Madonna and Child, terracotta with polychrome glaze, circa 1455-1460. (16-39)
The Princely Courts
Andrea Mantegna, interior of the so-called Camera degli Sposi, Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, 1474. (16-45)
Andrea Mantegna, Ceiling (oculus) of the Camera degli Sposi, Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, c. 1474 (16-46)
Piero della Francesca, Brera Altarpiece, oil on panel, circa 1472-1474. (16-50)Piero's portrait of Federico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino and his portrait of Battista Sforza, Duchess of Urbino.
End of the Century--the End of Time?
Luca Signorelli, The Damned Cast into Hell, in San Brizio Chapel, Cathedral of Orvieto, 1499-1504. Fresco.
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