Celtic denotes a people who are descended from one of the current Celtic "fringe" provinces of Western Europe. Brittany, Cornwall, Galicia, Ireland, Isle of Man, Padania, Portugal, Scotland and Wales are among their numbers. The oldest remnants of Celtic peoples' culture can be found close to eastern France, Northern Italy, Southern Germany, Belgium, northern Switzerland ,Austria, Turkey and Spain . Descendants of immigrants to the continents of North America, South America, Australia, and New Zealand can trace their ancestry from the Celts. Since Celtic people were pushed to the border of western civilization, the surviving Celtic culture can offer the richness of a world that is egalitarian, diverse, and is intimately connected to the land.

'Celtic' from the Greek word 'Keltoi' was used to refer to certain tribes of people that shared a common language and culture.
It literally means 'secret people'.
Welcome to the mystery

Celtic isn't just 'Ireland'

The importance of the many lesser known Celtic regions to the success of Celtic peoples everywhere must not be underestimated. The Ancestral memory they hold, the language that they preserve and the traditions they practice give us perspective on the diversity of the Celtic experience.

Brittany

At a casual glance, one might think Brittany to be simply another region of France. The Breton People and the land would insist otherwise. Formerly known as Amorica during its occupation by Romans, it's people renamed it Breiz Izel (less Britain). The traditions of storytelling thrive here, from legends of King Arthur and his knights seeking the Holy Grail in the forests of Broceliande (modern day Paimont forest) to the tales of faeries and spectres. The richness of their music and beauty of their dance are testament to their heritage. Holding firmly to their Breton language and unique life ways, along with living close to the land, Breton people enjoy a community intimacy  as in ancient times.

Cornwall

During Roman and Anglo-Saxon invasions of Britain, Cornwall became a preserve for the old Celtic ways, keeping its  language alive into the middle ages. There are currently signs of its academic revival.
 Loe Bar, an inland lake, is acclaimed to have been the site where King Arthur's sword Excaliber was cast into the water. The impressive landscape of other well known places; Penzance, Land's End and Plymouth (from which the Pilgrims set out) all carry the memory of the Celtic legacy in  their Cairns, barrows & standing stones. It's people remember, and the artisans record.

Isle of Man

...Ellan Vannin in Manx Gaelic, is a stronghold of Celtic and Viking roots. Currently ruled by Elizabeth of the English, but not part of the UK, the Isle of Man has its own parliament, (The Tynwald)  established by Vikings. The language of Man is Manx Gaelic which is closely related to Irish and Scottish Gaelic. The language was close to dying out , but is again being taught in schools .The Artisans & culture of Man have  their Celtic & Viking Carved stones to attest to their historical lineage.

Galicia

Located in the Northwest Corner of the Iberia Peninsula of Spain, this is the land, according to our history, that King Milesius and his people traveled from to arrive and settle in Ireland. Galicia is green, hilly and rainy, most reminiscent of the British Isles. Like the landscape, the people's culture and music are distinctly Celtic in flavor.

Ireland the resilient refuge

Ireland is possibly the most obviously Celtic of all the "fringe" provinces. Like the rest of the British Isles, it was settled by Pre-Celtic peoples long before Celts began migrating. As in other areas where they migrated, Celts lived with and openly embraced  many of the ways of the indigenous people, lending their own best traditions to the mix. Although it is said that Ireland is the most invaded country, Interestingly the Romans appear to have not had much contact with the island. Due to its remoteness and the increasing pressure on other parts of the British Isles and Europe, Ireland became a repository of the ancient knowledge, traditions, lore, laws and spiritual values of the Celtic people. Although more modern attempts to exterminate the Celtic culture in Ireland have been waged, her art, music, dance and life traditions continue in an enduring and private way.

Scotland innovative and diverse

The story of the people of Scotland is colorful. Within a land region roughly 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the state of Oregon, there live people descended from indigenous Cruithne (Pictish) peoples, Celts from Ireland, Britons from indigenous tribes to the south and Norse in the Islands and Eastern Coastal areas. With such a mix of cultures, it seems inevitable that Norman and English invaders would believe that they could have this land for their own . As the Romans found out when Confronting the Cruithne, this is no easy matter. Irish Celts, Vikings and Cruithne descendants have defended tenaciously and bravely their right to independence while remaining open to cultural exchange. The music, art and innovation of the people of this land is legendary. Inventor Alexander Graham Bell, philanthropist Andrew Carnegie and poet Robert Burns were all from this  string of islands. The first British top 40 music hit in the Gaelic language was recorded by Scotland's' own Capercaille (Band) ,proving to us all that embracing your culture can be pragmatic.

Wales has Secrets

The feeling about Wales Cymru, in the language,  is one of understatement .The Land is full of hidden  treasures and Its history relatively unheralded. Like the rest of Britain, Wales was originally settled 100 to 200 thousand years ago, long before Celtic  people migrated. Once joined, together they survived attacks and invasions, learning to live within new systems, secretly preserving their combined heritage. The  treasure  trove of this preservation can be seen in the learning institutions of Wales. It can be read in the wealth of ancient literature and heard in the vocal styles used in Welsh choirs. Wales ranks among the most successful in retaining her language. The first entirely Welsh language television channel began broadcasting in 1982 and new Welsh-only  (language) schools have opened  up in predominantly English speaking areas of Wales.

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